Community-living older adults living with chronic musculoskeletal pain: The effect of an evidence-based intervention on pain, function, health and behaviour
Aim of this project is to examine the effect of an individually tailored integrated behavioral medicine in physiotherapy intervention, including functional exercise, for older adults, having chronic musculoskeletal pain, living alone and dependent on formal care.
This study is conducted in Norway.
The primary outcomes for the study will be pain-related disability measured with the pain interference score in the Norwegian version of Brief Pain Inventory short version (BPI) and physical function measured by the Norwegian version of the Short Physical Performance Battery.
Secondary outcomes specifically for the intervention group are if the goals are achieved or not, which will be measured with a yes/no-response question and with self-efficacy in relation to the goal setting which be measured with a four-graded scale from not sure at all to very sure. Also the following secondary outcomes are used, pain severity measured with the BPI, pain catastrophizing measured with the Norwegian version of Pain Catastrophizing Subscale, falls efficacy measured by the Norwegian version of the Falls-Efficacy Scale International, physical activity level is measured by the Grimby-Frändin Activity Scale, and finally health related quality of life is measured by the Short Form-12.