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ChiP - Children’s rights to health, protection, promotion and participation

Normcritical perspectives in the research into social vulnerability

Sustainable working life

Behavioral medicine, health and lifestyle (BeMe-Health)

Care, Recovery and Health

Harmful alcohol use among women and men in different industries: A survey based on a sample of the working population in Sweden

From a gender perspective, the purpose of this project is to develop new knowledge about the extent of harmful alcohol use among women and men in the labor market in Sweden, to investigate risk factors and protective factors in the work environment for harmful alcohol use and to increase knowledge about preventive efforts against harmful alcohol use in working life.

Project manager at MDU

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External project members

Anna Nyberg, docent i psykologi, lektor folkhälsovetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
Peter Wennberg, professor i folkhälsovetenskap, Stockholms universitet.

The project

The purpose of the project is to develop new knowledge about the extent of harmful alcohol use among women and men in the Swedish labor market from a gender perspective. The following questions are answered:

  1. Does the risk of harmful alcohol use differ for women and men in different industries and based on the gender composition of industries?
  2. What is the role of risk factors and protective factors in the organizational and social work environment for harmful alcohol use in women and men in different industries?
  3. Do symptoms of mental illness, such as depression, anxiety or exhaustion, matter for the relationship between work environment stress and harmful alcohol use?
  4. How do trade unions work with preventive efforts against harmful alcohol use in industries with a high and low incidence of harmful alcohol use, respectively?

Longitudinal data from the SLOSH cohort give an excellent opportunity to study self-reported harmful alcohol use in a representative sample of the employed population. Questions about harmful alcohol use are measured with the CAGE instrument on seven occasions over time with two-year intervals. Information on work environment, working conditions, socio-demographic variables are available in SLOSH. Industries are divided into three groups based on gender composition: female-dominated, male-dominated and gender-mixed industries. Statistical methods utilizing the longitudinal design are applied. The results from the project will contribute to the development of preventive measures against harmful alcohol use in workplaces.


Project objective

The following questions are answered:
  1. Does the risk of harmful alcohol use differ for women and men in different industries and based on the gender composition of industries?
  2. What is the role of risk factors and protective factors in the organizational and social work environment for harmful alcohol use in women and men in different industries?
  3. Do symptoms of mental illness, such as depression, anxiety or exhaustion, matter for the relationship between work environment stress and harmful alcohol use?
  4. How do trade unions work with preventive efforts against harmful alcohol use in industries with a high and low incidence of harmful alcohol use, respectively?